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OPG and sRANKL serum concentrations in osteopenic, postmenopausal women after 2-year genistein administration.

Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 2008

OPG and sRANKL serum concentrations in osteopenic, postmenopausal women after 2-year genistein administration.
INTRODUCTION: RANKL and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG) constitute a complex physiological mediator system involved in the regulation of bone resorption and may be responsible for the homeostatic mechanism of normal bone remodeling.
Genistein, an isoflavone representing 1-5% of total phytoestrogen content in soybean products, may positively regulate cellular bone metabolism, but its mechanism of action on bone is not yet fully understood.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the serum levels of both soluble RANKL (sRANKL) and OPG and the sRANKL/OPG ratio in 389 postmenopausal women (age, 49-67 yr) with a femoral neck BMD <0.795 g/cm(2) and no significant comorbid conditions after 24-mo therapy with genistein, (n = 198; 54 mg/d) or placebo (n = 191).
RESULTS: In comparison with placebo, sRANKL level was lower (p < 0.001 versus placebo) and OPG higher in genistein recipients (p < 0.001 versus placebo) at 1 and 2 yr, respectively.
Moreover, at the end of 24 mo, genistein produced a significant reduction in the sRANKL/OPG ratio compared with placebo (genistein = -0.021, 95% CI, -0.020 to -0.022; placebo = +0.004, 95% CI, 0.003-0.005; difference = -0.020, 95% CI, -0.015 to -0.025, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that genistein plus calcium and vitamin D(3) as part of a healthy diet is able to positively modulate bone turnover in a cohort of osteopenic, postmenopausal women and improve sRANKL-OPG balance after 24 mo of treatment.