Procalcitonin usefulness for the initiation of antibiotic treatment in intensive care unit patients
Procalcitonin usefulness for the initiation of antibiotic treatment in intensive care unit patients*.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: : To test the usefulness of procalcitonin serum level for the reduction of antibiotic consumption in intensive care unit patients.
PATIENTS: : All consecutive adult patients hospitalized for > 48 hrs in the intensive care unit during a 9-month period.
INTERVENTIONS: : Procalcitonin serum level was obtained for all consecutive patients suspected of developing infection either on admission or during intensive care unit stay.
The use of antibiotics was more or less strongly discouraged or recommended according to the Muller classification.
Patients were randomized into two groups: one using the procalcitonin results (procalcitonin group) and one being blinded to the procalcitonin results (control group).
The primary end point was the reduction of antibiotic use expressed as a proportion of treatment days and of daily defined dose per 100 intensive care unit days using a procalcitonin-guided approach.
Secondary end points included: a posteriori assessment of the accuracy of the infectious diagnosis when using procalcitonin in the intensive care unit and of the diagnostic concordance between the intensive care unit physician and the infectious-disease specialist.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: : There were 258 patients in the procalcitonin group and 251 patients in the control group.
A significantly higher amount of withheld treatment was observed in the procalcitonin group of patients classified by the intensive care unit clinicians as having possible infection.