Does obesity impact the pattern and outcome of trauma in children?
Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 2012
We conducted this study to ascertain the effects of obesity on the hospital outcome of injured children.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients aged 2 to 18 years admitted to the King Abdul Aziz Medical City between May 2001 and May 2009 was conducted.
Patients were categorized as lean (body mass index <95th percentile) and obese (body mass index ≥95th percentile).
Groups were compared regarding admission demographics, mechanism of injury, pattern of injury, length of stay, intensive care unit admission, ventilation duration, types of procedures performed, injury severity score, and mortality.
RESULT: Nine hundred thirty-three patients were included, of those 55 (5.89%) children were obese.
The obese children were older than nonobese (P = .001) and had a higher injury severity score (P = .001) and a lower pediatric trauma score (P = .00), heart rate (P = .0081), and respiratory rate (P = .000).
There were no differences between groups with regard to sex, mechanism of injury, and surgical procedures.
CONCLUSION: Obesity does not seem to impact the severity of injury, mortality rate, types of injury, and procedure outcomes in children.
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